Based on the famed French explorer’s film series, Jean-Michel Cousteau: Ocean Adventures, these are the definitive guides to America’s thirteen National Marine Sanctuaries and its one Marine National Monument. Each of these four books conducts a grand adventure through one of the four regions of the National Marine Sanctuary system, combining engaging descriptions, stunning four-color photography, and behind-the-scenes stories from the Ocean Futures Society expedition team. Insightful inquiries into the health of the world’s oceans are provided along with an overview of several incredible underwater treasures. Conveying the beauty of the ocean and the specific measures being put into effect to preserve it, this inspirational collection also features detailed, practical information for planning visits to the sanctuaries.
Jean-Michel Cousteau, the son of Jacques Cousteau, is the author of America's Underwater Treasures, the Explore the National Marine Sanctuaries series, and My Father, the Captain,and is a founder of the National Marine Sanctuary Foundation. He is a recipient of the Emmy Award, the Peabody Award, the 7 d’Or, and the Cable Ace Award. He has produced more than eighty films, and is the executive producer of the television show Jean-Michel Cousteau: Ocean Adventures. He lives in Santa Barbara, California.
Dr. Sylvia A. Earle, PhD, is an explorer-in-residence at the National Geographic Society, the leader of the Sustainable Seas Expeditions, and a chair of Google Earth advisory council for the ocean. She is a charter member of the Ocean Futures Society Advisory Board and the former chief scientist of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, as well as a founder of the National Marine Sanctuary Foundation. She lives in Oakland, California.
Maia McGuire, PhD, holds a PhD in Marine Biology and Fisheries. She is the Florida Sea Grant agent for the University of Florida and is the chair of the National Sea Grant Education Network. She has recently been named the Florida Wildlife Federation’s 2015 Conservation Educator of the Year.
Table of contents
Foreword by Dr.Sylvia Earle xi
About the Series 1
About National Sanctuaries 3
The National Marine Sanctuaries’ West Coast Region 5
Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuaries 7
About Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary 7
Why A National Sanctuary? 9
Resources Within the Sanctuary 14
Key Species Within the Sanctuary 16
Emerging Environmental Issues 27
Research Within the Sanctuary 30
Research Assets 31
Visiting the Sanctuary 32
Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary 43
About Gerry E. Studds Stellwagon Bank National
Marine Sanctuary 43
Why A National Marine Sanctuary? 49
Resources Within the Sanctuary 55
Key Species Within the Sanctuary 67
Emerging Environmental Issues 71
Research Within the Sanctuary 79
Research Assets 82
Visiting the Sanctuary 85
Monitor National Marine Sanctuary 99
About Monitor National Marine Sanctuary 99
Why A National Marine Sanctuary? 101
Resources Within the Sanctuary 103
Key Species Within the Sanctuary 109
Emerging Environmental Issues 111
Research Within the Monument 114
Visiting the Sanctuary 115
When You Visit the Sanctuaries 125
Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary 125
Stellwagon National Marine Sanctuary 132
Monitor National Marine Sanctuary 143
Introduction or preface
About the Series
The four book series, Explore the National Marine Sanctuaries with Jean-Michel Cousteau has been developed in partnership with the National Marine Sanctuary system and Ocean Future Society. Text in italics is excerpted from the previously, limited-edition book America’s Underwater Treasures by Jean-Michel Cousteau and Julie Robinson with photography by Carrie Vonderhatt. That book describes the experience and research of Jean-Michel Cousteau and his Ocean Futures Team while diving all 13 underwater marine sanctuaries and the one underwater marine monument. Their experiences is captured in a film by the same name aired on PBS as part of Jean-Michel Cousteau’s Ocean Adventures. The current series is offered to make information on these vital sanctuaries even more inclusive for the American public.
Each book in the series takes readers to one of the four regions of the country into which the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has organized its management of the National Marine Sanctuaries. This book, Explore the Northeast National Marine Sanctuaries with Jean-Michel Cousteau, visits sanctuaries and a national monument off Hawaii and American Samoa. The other books in the series are:, Explore the Southeast National Marine Sanctuaries with Jean-Michel Cousteau, Explore the West Coast National Marine Sanctuaries with Jean-Michel Cousteau and Explore the Pacific Islands National Marine Sanctuaries with Jean-Michel Cousteau,.
The first National Marine Sanctuary in the United States was established only decades ago, while Yellowstone, the oldest of the American National Parks ,was created in 1872. By comparison the parks, these natural marine jewels were damaged upon arrival. Only small portions remain pristine. For many, their destinations arose amidst threats to one or a number of aspects to their survival. Like terrestrial parks, these are special habitats, managed zones for the recovery of critical species like humpback whales or juvenile rockfish but, most importantly, they attempt to preserve the integrity of the web of life.
Ironically, we discovered that managing these resources for sustainability was in truth an exercise in managing ourselves. And that’s not bad, as we’re still learning, an easy job. At each destination we were privileged witnesses to the real-time drama of marine conservation playing out across the United States. At the heart of it, we found a powerful paradigm shift happening in environmentalism. Fishermen, environmentalists and scientists from opposite sides of the aisle were sitting down together with rolled-up sleeves, poring through scientific research, debating the merits of reserves and restoration, and coming to terms with the new definition of sanctuary. “These are,” as Dan Basta, past director of the National Marine Sanctuary System, reminded us, “still works in progress.”
The National Marine Sanctuaries’ Northeast Region
Over fifty years ago, Congress passed the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972. Three years later, in 1975, the wreck site of the USS Monitor became the first national marine sanctuary. From the first to the newest sanctuary, the Northeast regional office protects not only the USS Monitor but also natural and cultural resources at Stellwagon Bank, and a vast collection of Great Lakes wrecks in Thunder Bay, the nation’s newest and only freshwater sanctuary, created solely to protect underwater cultural resources.
Sanctuaries often face daunting challenges, like crowded shipping lanes and dense fishing gear deployments that threaten endangered marine animals feeding in the Stellwagon Bank area. Stellwagon Bank is considered one of the top whale watching sites in the world. Stellwagon Bank is also home to the wreck of the coastal steam ship, the Portland, which was listed on National Register of Historic Places in January 2005. In addition to the Stellwagon Bank sanctuary, this book will also introduce readers to the Thunder Bay and Monitor sanctuaries.